Internationalisation is increasing in all sectors, including education and industry, and engagement in international research collaboration is a significant focus of Australian institutions that feature in the global university rankings. The OECD has found that international collaboration rates and average impact rates of research are highly correlated. 

Increasing participation in research partnerships world wide will  enhance Australia’s national capacity to increase research output, enable Australia's researchers to collaborate on frontier research projects and translate findings into localised solutions for Australia. Collaboration brings the obvious benefits of scale, where the scale and scope is too great for a single nation, and sometimes sharing complex research activity is essential. Emerging global challenges are necessitating collaborative approaches to combat issues such as climate change and international health emergencies. 

International research collaborations also give Australian universities increased leverage to engage with industry, both domestically and overseas.